Wentworth’s Interaction with People

Wentworth disregarded the guarantee from Charles that no settlers would be compelled to go to Connaught. In 1635 he came up with an ancient title; the 14th century Connaught grant to Lionel of Antwerp. Charles was his heir and was adamant about grand juries getting rulings for the king.

The only refusal came from just one county, County Galway. The implementation of Galway’s confiscation came from Court of Exchequer. In the meantime, the sheriff was fined £1,000 by Wentworth for convening a jury like this and summoning the jurymen to the Castle Chamber to own up to their crime.

Ulster’s taking away of the city firms’ property stirred the alarming enmity against the state. His work in Galway triggered a dispute with the strong Burke family, whose head was the elderly Richard Burke, Clanricarde’s Earl. According to some, the death of Clanricarde was quickened by the dispute. Not surprisingly, Wentworth said he could not be blamed at all as Clanricarde was almost seventy.

But, it was not advisable to create animosity with Ulick Burke, the latest Earl, Clanricarde’s 5th Earl. Through Frances Walsingham his mother, he had strong English connections. Robert Devereux, Clanricarde’s half-brother and Essex’s 3rd Earl by 1641 was among Wentworth’s most merciless foes. Wentworth became Strafford’s Earl in 1640.

Wentworth made a lot of foes in Ireland; however, the most harmful was the Earl of Cork, Richard Boyle. He was among the strongest of the ‘Latest English’ magnates.

A more civil man compared to Wentworth would undoubtedly have tried to befriend Cork; however, Wentworth regarded Cork’s massive power as intimidation to the main authority of the Crown and was resolute about eliminating it.

He put Lord Cork on trial in Castle Chamber for embezzling Youghal College’s money and somehow maliciously ordered him to destroy his first wife’s tomb in Dublin, at St. Patrick’s Cathedral.

Cork was a foe who was resilient and strong, that silently worked for the ruin of Wentworth. In 1641, he coolly noted in his diary that Wentworth, who was at the time Strafford’s Earl, had been beheaded, which was what he absolutely deserved.

In regard to the citizens, Wentworth did not have any plans of advancing their skills by a procedure of natural development. His sole wish for them was to immediately transform them into Englishmen.

It is mandatory for their behaviors, regulations and religion to be made English. ‘I notice clearly that as this kingdom goes on flourishing, they are not individuals for Crown of England to have faith in,’ he wrote.

Despite being strictly Protestant, he did not indicate any wish to put Catholics to trial. According to Kenyon, it was appreciated that as long as Catholics were still the huge majority of the citizens, England would have a rate of tolerance which was more than required.

He was ready to offer implicit acknowledgement of the Catholic chain of command and even interviewed Archbishop Thomas Fleming (Dublin) whose friendly face, simple attire and absence of pretension created a bad impression on him.

The donation of Wentworth to Irish traditional life should not be underestimated; his support led to the launch of Werburgh Street Theatre, which was the first one in Ireland. John Ogilby opened it; he was a member of Wentworth’s household. It was in existence for a number of years in spite of Archbishop James Ussher’s disapproval. He was from Armagh.

The English dramatist, James Shirley, wrote a number of plays for it. One had a conspicuously Irish topic. Henry Burnell’s Landgartha was the first recognized play by a dramatist from Ireland. It was presented there in 1640.